they were taken in daylight with my phone, with the birds being inside a house the light is darker, plus they are low down so getting the lighting right is hard (unless i moved the top double breeder off, which has chicks in, but that would cause too much stress on the mother)
The top photos were too dark in the background behind the bird. A disposable camera with flash can get the background not so dark. They do not cost over 10 dollars.
When you use a flash, it washes in and out colors... Thus making it so you can't really tell for sure what color a bird is. This is why they say not to use a flash when asking about the color of the bird. Indirect Natural light is the best way to capture the color right.