First of all I want to say I'm not from America, we don't have many "luxuries" where I live, no avian vets, no pet stores with big cages (when needed, people make them by hand), almost no people with pets that are not dogs, cats or hamsters. I'm saying this because I am really trying my best at keeping my budgie happy and safe, but I have no means for many things, also I'm a student with no money and I really can't afford a 150 euros cage off of Amazon (cages and stuff cost way more to send here because they're not sold in my country, they need to come from elsewhere). PLEASE don't send me hate, I'm trying my best!
I got my first budgie ever from a pet store (we do not have specialized people who raise them, at best people with a couple that mated) some days ago, and I bought the biggest cage I could find around every store here (the measurements are about 45cm high, 34cm wide, 30cm deep. I know it's not a lot, but please understand this is the biggest I could find, and the one that costed the most. It was marketed for two birds, and I bought it because I wanted him to have the space meant for two). I bought him toys, a mineral block, snacks, and individual types of seeds along with bird food from the pet store. I might be able to get a much larger cage from a friend who used to raise rabbits, but I need to check how wide the bars are and if it is safe for a bird.
I'm giving him fruit and vegetables other than seeds, and he nibbles on them if I feed him with my hand (he won't really touch them if I leave them in the cage with pins). He likes to be on my hand (inside the cage), he doesn't really "jump" on my finger but he easily steps on it if I put my finger under his belly.
Point is, he seems a bit quiet and he doesn't really play with his toys. Most of the time he kinda just sits on the perch in silence. He seems fine phisically but he doesn't chirp or play. I tried putting music, TV, radio, nothing worked. I tried leaving the cage open so he could fly around my room, but he risked hitting the wall so many times that now I'm super scared of letting him out again. I don't want to clip his wings, I read that it's damaging to his pshychological health. As I said, he doesn't respond to the command to step on my finger just yet, but he easily let me hold him without problems to put him back in the cage.
Later today I put his cage (closed) near the open terrace door, and he started chirping and flying around the cage (I think it's because he heard the other birds outside). So maybe it's because he's lonely?
If I get the bigger cage, I'm thinking of getting him a girlfriend, but I am scared about the eggs. I can't keep more than two budgies, I have no one to give the newborns to, and I don't really think I can avoid them mating? I mean my boyfriend says I could take away the eggs but that just sounds inhumane, doesn't it?
I'm also wondering if I should abandon the idea of letting him out of the cage. I'm just so scared of him getting hurt.
What should I do? Please keep in mind I can't afford costly solutions and sometimes I can't get specific stuff because I live here. The few people who own budgies here keep them in way smaller, round cages without toys and feeding them just seeds because there's no information about exotic birds here. I'm trying my best with what I have available.